Die Sklavenaufstände im Römischen Reich waren eine Reihe von Revolten am Ende der Römischen Republik. Inhaltsverzeichnis. 1 Vorgeschichten; 2 Sklavengruppe; 3 Erster Sklavenkrieg; 4 Zweiter Sklavenkrieg; 5 Dritter Sklavenkrieg (Spartacus-Aufstand); 6 Siehe Chr. Der Thraker Spartacus entfloh mit 78 anderen Gladiatoren aus einer. Spartacus, dt. Spartakus, († 71 v. Chr. in Lukanien) war ein römischer Sklave und Gladiator thrakischer Herkunft. Historische Bedeutung erlangte er als Anführer. Im Jahr 73 vor Christus wagt ein gefangener Gladiator das Ungeheuerliche: Spartacus führt Roms Sklaven in einen Aufstand gegen die Supermacht. Doch das. Viele Unfreie wurden auch in den Bergwerken beschäftigt. Filme von Robert Dornhelm. Spartacus selbst wurde von seinen Anhängern zur Schlacht in Lukanien bridge online spielen ohne anmeldung, in der er unterlag und fiel. Der Verlag Galeforce Nine bzw. In einem Punkt darf man jedoch allen Filmregisseuren Recht geben: Die meisten der Gladiatoren, die in der Serie auftreten, wurden von dem Lanista Quintus Lentulus Batiatus unterrichtet. Sehr unwahrscheinlich dortmund mainz 2019 auch die Begegnung mit seinem späteren Widersacher Crassus.
Why he did this is a mystery. He notes that other factors may also have been involved. Spartacus may have received news of Roman advances in Thrace that made him doubt that he and the other Thracians in his army could return home safely.
Whatever the reasons were Spartacus led his army back south, through Italy, overcoming resistance along the way, until they arrived at the Strait of Messina, in hopes that they could cross over to Sicily, an island of agriculture and slaves waiting to be liberated.
While the Strait of Messina is small, being only two miles 3. He had reached the strait in the winter of BC, a time when the weather was colder.
Additionally the Roman governor of Sicily, Gaius Verres, had fortified some of the best landing spots.
Spartacus needed two things, good boats and good sailors, to be able to land an advance party of his troops across the strait. The pirates, however, had other plans.
Undeterred Spartacus ordered his troops to assemble boats of their own and, while they succeeded in building a number of them, their attempt to cross the strait failed, leaving his troops stuck on the Italian mainland.
This left Spartacus with no choice but to take his force north to face a Roman leader more ruthless than any he had encountered before.
By the time Spartacus had reached the straits a new leader named Marcus Licinius Crassus had taken command of the Roman forces.
Strauss notes that he was a wealthy individual, able to raise a large army and pay them, at least in part, out of his own pocket.
A Sourcebook , Routledge, In his military life he was even more ruthless. Among his forces were the remnants of legions belonging to Gellius and Lentulus that had been previously defeated by Spartacus.
Needless to say discipline tightened under Crassus. Rather than try and openly battle Spartacus in southern Italy he built a system of fortifications centred on the Melia Ridge in an effort to trap Spartacus and starve his troops.
Spartacus responded to the situation by offering Crassus a peace treaty which Crassus swiftly rejected. Perhaps seeing his own soldiers beginning to waver Spartacus stiffened their resolve by crucifying a Roman soldier where all could see.
Ancient writers say that he lost thousands of soldiers in the break out. Furthermore a split emerged in the rebel camp.
A dissident group led by Castus and Gannicus, which included many Celtic and German troops, broke away from Spartacus and set off on their own.
In the spring of 71 BC things fell apart for Spartacus. Castus and Gannicus were defeated by Crassus, likely sometime before April, at the Battle of Cantenna.
Spartacus was now isolated further. What happened next is hard to explain. Spartacus could have tried for another port, or another part of Italy.
His force was not completely trapped and he likely had at least 30, troops able to fight. But, for reasons we do not know, he decided to turn around and attack Crassus.
Whether Spartacus really wanted this, or whether his men decided this for him, is not known. The final battle took place in April 71 BC.
Strauss says that we cannot be sure where it was fought but it was likely somewhere in the Upper Silarus Valley.
Eventually Spartacus lined up his men for battle and Crassus his. Undeterred Spartacus, at the head of his troops, and on foot, led a charge aimed at Crassus himself.
Spartacus is said to have hacked down two centurions in this final attempt, however it was in vain. With his death his army fell apart and Crassus and the other Roman forces hunted down the remaining rebels.
The body of Spartacus was apparently never identified. Strauss points out that he had killed his horse before the battle and probably did not embellish his armor.
Even if archaeologists do find it someday they likely would be unable to distinguish the famous commander from that of his troops.
Owen Jarus writes about archaeology and all things about humans' past for Live Science. You can make it easier for us to review and, hopefully, publish your contribution by keeping a few points in mind.
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